I pinched this article from Adam Bailey, who
runs a “Brother” Rescue in Gillingham. I
hope you don’t mind Adam -
appropriate for this time of year……….
I used to love Christmas. Time for really bad
music, lots of laughter, family, friends,
presents and the food. So much food you
want to sleep for a week but a quick power
nap and back on the cold meat buffet and
tins of chocolates.
Ever since running a rescue I absolutely dread
it and I'm sure other rescuers feel the exact
same way. Last year I had about 3 hours with
family before going home to sort out the dogs
dumped by poor excuses of human beings to
make way for Christmas puppies. On average
250.000 dogs are put to sleep via the major
rescue organisations and council pounds. All
of those dogs had homes and families. Over
500.000 puppies are born each year. If they
are bull breeds 3 out of every 5 bull breed
puppies will never see their second birthday.
Christmas is the worst time for puppies being bought as a whim and older dogs being kicked out to make room. At Christmas and the school summer holidays are the two worst times for dogs being dumped in such vast numbers that most rescues have to close their doors and it results in thousands of dogs being put to sleep. Our aim that we are working ridiculously hard to achieve is to have a sanctuary by Christmas. We will then be able to help more dogs but we need more donations of food , lead , collars, bowls , money for vets bills and most importantly foster homes. My challenge to you all is to save a life and foster a dog this Christmas, don't buy a puppy, become part of the solution not the problem.
A personal message from me. If you buy a dog from a breeder you are the cause for a large proportion of this. You may argue that someone had to own the dog and what would of happened to the dog had you not bought it. Well if you and no one else bought the puppies eventually the whole litter would end up in a rescue. They would all be neutered. The mum would be spayed or at least not bred from again. Problem solved. I know it involves a lot more than this but that is the basis , stop buying , stop the problem , adopt a rescue dog
TRY USING A LINT ROLLER IMMEDIATELY ON RETURN FROM YOUR WALK
Often if a dog from a Mediterranean country is sick, it is presumed to be caused by leishmania; but the animal should always be checked for for tick disease. It is not a life long disease such as leishmania but it can be more life threatening.
There have been isolated cases in the UK
Babesia is a small parasite (protozoe) which affects the red blood cells of its host. Babesia is transmitted by ticks (Rhipicephalus, Dermacentor – brown female ticks). Ticks acquire Babesia whilst sucking blood from infected animals. Later, the tick sucks blood from a healthy animal and transmits Babesia.
Babesia infections are reported in horses, dogs, foxes and other wild animals, also in man, but in the Mediterranean area it is mainly dogs who become infected because of the prevalence of Babesia Canis species. Direct infection between dogs and humans is not possible, it is always the tick which infects the mammals.
After the bite of a tick infected with Babesia, the dog starts a period of incubation which lasts between 10 days and 3 weeks. During this time, Babesias start to penetrate the red blood cells and to multiplicate (“to breed”).
After the incubation period, the dog will start with clinical symptoms, whose degree depends on the dogs own defence system:
– dogs with a weak defence suffer an acute shock and die
– dogs with a normal defence show high fever, loss of appetite, general weakness, pale mucous membranes and often a dark brown urine
– in advanced cases, rheumatic like pain, muscle stiffness and serious problems with blood coagulation, spleen swelling and jaundice add to the symptoms mentioned above.
Clinical symptoms and the demonstration of Babesia in the peripheral blood (ear vein) leads to a safe diagnosis. In chronic cases, a blood test (antibodies) for Babesia is recommended.
A special drug, administered twice by injection eliminates Babesia. In severe cases intensive treatment and blood transfusions are required.
Tick prevention! Protect your dog during the main tick season (March until November) with special tick collars or liquids (ask your vet). If you find a tick on your dog, remove it immediately (with turning clockwise movements). The tick needs 3 days of bloodsucking on the dog to transmit Babesia. The earlier you remove it, the less is the risk of this infection.
Please note that items published on this page are for your information only and are not intended as medical advice or instruction. If you have any concerns about the health and welfare of your dog or other pets, please consult your veterinarian
This has to be the saddest picture I have ever seen
Leishmania infantum is responsible for the Old World canine visceral leishmaniasis. Its geographical distribution (around the Mediterranean Sea) reflects the living area of the insect vector Phlebotomus spp. This is a small, silent, nocturnal, blood-
WITHOUT SANDFLY, THE LEISHMANIA CAN’T BE TRANSMITTED TO OTHER DOGS. SO
NO SANDFLY, NO LEISHMANIA.
The incubation period is very long – between one month and seven years. In this period the microorganisms disseminate widely, with a predilection for the bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and liver.
Most of the positive dogs to this disease, won’t die of it, but they need general blood tests to check if the Leishmania is active or inactive every 6 months. They also need to avoid stress, steroids, and unnecessary vaccines that can flare up the dormant disease.
Common clinical signs are skin lesions, weight loss, anorexia, ocular lesions, nasal bleeding, dandruff, long brittle nails, 'old socks smell' , crusty ears, dry white-
Chronic enteritis and renal failure are the most common cause of death. Affected animals may have other concomitant diseases such as demodicosis, dermatophytosis, and other parasitic diseases such as ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis or rickettsiosis (common in Spain).
Frequent clinical laboratory findings are polyclonal hyperglobulinemia, hypoalbuminemia, hyperprotinemia, a slight increase in liver enzymes, non-
It can be reversible.
Diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms and serological test to confirm presence of the antibodies. Tests used to diagnose Leishmaniasis are serology (also known as titre/antibody test) . There are two different tests called ELISA or IFAT. Those are done on blood sample.
Another tests used for diagnosis is called PCR , but sensitivity when using blood is considered to be lower than when tissue samples are used (lymph node/liver/spleen aspirate or bone marrow sample) .
Allopurinol: 10 mg/kg/twice a day should be started ASAP if Leishmania is suspected or newly diagnosed. They should take the allopurinol for at least 18 months while being monitored with various blood tests every 6 months. Some dogs need it for life, others don’t. Leishmaniastatic effect (slows down multiplication, but it doesn’t kill the parasite). In case of severe symptoms and blood tests suggesting kidney disease and/or anaemia
additional treatments above should be started ASAP.
Glucantime/Milteforan: Glucantime has to be injected every day for 4 weeks.It can be used if the kidneys are commpromised only under direct supervision of the vet IF treatment is intruduces slowly and at a lower than recommended dose . Milteforan is an oral solution and can be used safely even if the kidneys are not ok. Both treatments have leishmanicidal effect.
Leishguard /Domperidone/Motillium : 0,5 mg/kg/once a day for a month, which helps fight the leishmania by supporting immune system at the cellular level. It can be repeated every 4 months. Originally Leishguard was developed as a supporting treatment against leishmania infection in addition to sand fly/tick collars. It's ability to help lower antibody levels in asymptomatic, infected dogs, determined its beneficial effect in use of
Leishguard as a treatment as well.
Marbofloxacine is an antibiotic that also has a leishmanicidal effect. Dose 2 mg/kg once per day for 28 days
Non regenerative anaemia is a common symptom. There is an effective Chinese remedy called Gui Pi Tang and Marrow Plus for the anaemia. You can find it on the internet or in herbal stores.
Common side effect of Allopurinol is formation of xanthine crystals that can also lead to formation of xanthine stones. To avoid this , dividing allopurinol dosage to 3 or 4 a day can lower the amount of crystals.
Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) and Chanca Piedra supplement can help with eliminating crystals and dissolve stones.
POST TREATMENT TESTS
General blood tests to monitor dog's general health status and activity of leish should be done every 6 months . Allopurinol should be also administered for at least 18 months.
If 3 general blood tests done every 6 months show values withing normal, healthy , nonleish dog's ranges , leishmania can be considered stable and in remission
Decision regarding further continuation or cessation of allopurinol treatment could be discussed
with the vet at that time.
Test used for monitoring Leish activity are Biochemistry and Hematology, Serum Protein Electrophoresis and basic urine tests. Serology test can be performed as well to monitor antibody levels but it is not stand-
As one of the treatments is Allopurinol and can create ammonium crystals on the urinary system, it’s a very good idea to give a low purine diet as long as the dog is on allopurinol. There are some brands of commercial dog food. Alternatively, a raw food diet without organ meat and with none of the high purine vegetables (such as cauliflower, peas, spinach, mushrooms and legumes) is generally excellent as a diet for all breeds with a purine metabolism problem. Commercial kibble specifically prepared for Dalmatians is optimal low-
If your dog has also kidney problems, it's also very important to give him food with not much
Phosphorus, like commercial food for kidney problems. Please check this website:
WHERE CAN I GET MEDICATIONS?
Veterinarians are able to prescribe Allopurinol and it can picked-
several hundred percent.
Please, find a knowledgeable vet that knows the disease, or at least one that is interested in learning about it.
List of recommended vets can be found on Living with Leish Page on Facebook
Always talk to your rescue.
They are used to this disease and they will guide you.